Natalie Rivero

Natalie Rivero

Sexual Orientation in HDEV 453

Professor Malia Lee Womack, PhD


Women in the Labor Market

There is still a big workforce between men and women in the labor market. I argue that assessing women in the labor market should be included in the syllabus. I will analyze the study” Rising educational attainment, yet stagnant female labor force participation” by Assaad et al. (45) which relate to our course outline in the module: through the lens of Gender—A Social Construction, Family—A Socio-Political Institution and Reproductive Choice and Restrictions. I will use the sources by Cameron et al. (241). Female labor force participation in Indonesia and Women’s Situation in the Labour Market database that builds on and enriches our class materials by assessing women in the labor market study.

This research will discuss and assess how women work in the market industry. Recent studies have revealed that even if employment for women has risen, there is still a huge gap between them and men. The primary goal of the research will be to assess the women’s situation in the labor market. Looking at how Assaad et al. (43) have presented their research findings, women remain poorly underrepresented in the labor market. The study will be anchored on the analysis of the mentioned sources to come up with a comprehensive conclusion why women remain underrepresented in the labor market. Introducing this study to the syllabus will help students get the necessary information and remove barriers that prevent females from participating in the labor industry.

The urge to study why labor force projections for women are decreasing will also be important in this study. The research has shown that employment rates for women have risen, they are still far behind those of men. The research links social-political institutions, work environments, and other work gender-based factors that have contributed to the decline of women’s participation in the labor market. For example, women work more part-time, are paid less, and often carry out more private domestic and care responsibilities. Introducing the mentioned factors to the syllabus will help the curriculum developers get the message and push for government attention to introduce policies that balance labor participation in the market without gender discrimination.

A cross-sectional research design will be adopted in the research. Understanding sexual and reproductive Choices and restrictions that have impacted the decline in women in the labor market will be a very important study. There is a need to understand why major companies restrict women from leading in those organizations. Looking at education statistics, women are reported to be increasingly well qualified: more females than men graduate from universities globally, but the number doesn’t reflect that in the labor market. For men and women to engage equally in the labor market, the syllabus has to contain enough information to educate people from a younger age that caring responsibilities are shared equally. The masculine mentality grows with people from a younger age, but with education materials about equality, this will no longer be a concern.

Works Cited

Assaad, Ragui, et al. “Explaining the MENA paradox: Rising educational attainment, yet stagnant female labor force participation.” Demographic Research 43 (2020): 817

Cameron, Lisa, Diana Contreras Suarez, and William Rowell. “Female labour force participation in Indonesia: Why has it stalled?.” Achieving Inclusive Growth in the Asia Pacific 241 (2020).

“Women’s Situation in the Labour Market.” European Commission – European Commission, 19 Sept. 2022,,men’s%20employment%20stood%20at%2078.5%25.