Sambamoorthi et al., Multiple chronic conditions and healthcare

Student’s name

Lecturer’s name



Sambamoorthi et al., “Multiple chronic conditions and healthcare costs among adults.” Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research 15.5 (2015): 823-832.

In the article, Sambamoorthi and colleagues explain how increasing Multiple Chronic Diseases have burdened patients, especially in the modern world. The authors expound on the prevalence of chronic diseases among adults whose treatment and prevention costs drain them financially. The article also touches on the cost implications of such diseases on public and private individuals, families, and insurance payers. The authors explain some of the unique techniques and definitions of Multiple Chronic Diseases to calculate and determine the costs of such diseases. Additionally, the article elaborates the excess costs that patients with chronic disease have to face to restore their health and feel better using technical models, theoretical evaluations, and well-detailed models.

Sambamoorthi and colleagues’ project is informative and credible. Their contributions as far as the reduction of healthcare costs are concerned is meaningful, relevant, and relatable. The article incorporates accurate and updated statistical data to explain the financial burden on patients with multiple chronic diseases and how the costs can be cut to ease the burden, making it credible and resourceful. I find this source helpful to my final project regarding reducing healthcare costs for patients because it focuses and expounds profoundly on the subject.

Sturmberg, et al. “Better and fulfilling healthcare at lower costs: The need to manage health systems as complex adaptive systems.” F1000Research vol. 8 789. 5 Jun. 2019, doi:10.12688/f1000research.19414.1

In the article, Sturmberg and colleagues address the rising healthcare costs, especially in high-income countries. The authors explain the relationship between political measures, costs, and access to healthcare services. According to the article, political strategies employed by governments in developed countries have worsened the costs of healthcare services for their respective citizens, subjecting them to financial burdens. The authors also focus on the uncertainties surrounding the healthcare systems and future costs of accessing the services considering dynamic factors such as demographics, technological advancements, and scientific progress. Sturmberg and colleagues use a conceptual model of the implications of top-down versus bottom-up leadership on the function of health systems. The article uses charts and models to illustrate the complex dynamics of CAS and how the healthcare system is a socially constructed CAS. It implies that the respective agents in the healthcare system like politicians, insurance companies,

Pharmaceutical organizations, device makers, healthcare workers, and administrators consistently influence the costs of accessing proper healthcare services across the country.

Sturmberg and Bircher’s article is well-reserached and extensive. The authors use comprehensive and straightforward language to highlight the costs associated with healthcare services, how it burdens society members, and the government’s measures to facilitate affordable healthcare programs. Their choice of words, flow, and adequacy of information facilitates proper understanding of the content in the article. For this reason, the article proves essential and substantial for my final project regarding decreasing healthcare costs because it points out the issue and tackles it extensively. Furthermore, the article is credible because the authors are famous for their authenticity in all their written articles.

Kacik, Alex. “Gawande Ready to Move from Talking about Lowering Healthcare Costs to Doing It.” Modern Healthcare, vol. 48, no. 26/27, June 2018, p. 0007. EBSCOhost,

In the article, Kacik explains the scalable solutions that would reduce healthcare services’ costs and improve the country’s medical system. He also expounds on the significance of providing transparent and high-quality healthcare services to patients at affordable costs to improve health and facilitate a healthy population altogether. The author suggests creating awareness of the healthcare burden on patients to healthcare practitioners as an effective measure to cut down costs of getting treatment in various hospitals. The article explains how the changes in medical models and the shortage of clinical providers burden the healthcare system, which in turn has a ripple effect on costs incurred to access healthcare services and the overall patient outcomes. Kacik uses logical and evaluative examples to demonstrate how eliminating profits as an objective of a healthcare facility would reduce the financial burden on patients in need of medical attention in different facilities across the country. The article also uses technical theories and graphs to illustrate the positive impacts of lowering healthcare costs on patients and society.

Kacik’s project regarding lowering costs of healthcare services to the public is informative and adequately researched. The author uses up-to-date data to illustrate the dynamics in the healthcare sector as far as costs and accessibility of these services are concerned. The article is the appropriate source of information for my final project, which discusses lowering healthcare costs to reduce financial burdens on patients because its content aligns perfectly with my subject matter. The author has used comprehensive language to convey his intended message, thus enhancing a reader’s understanding of the issue. Additionally, Kacik, the author of the article, relies on information provided by Dr. Atul Gawande, who speaks from first-hand experiences as a doctor. This aspect of the article confirms its credibility and reliability, making it a perfect source for my final paper.

Khajavi, et al. “Economic Evaluation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: A Systematic Review.” Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, vol. 5, Oct. 2015, pp. 10–11. EBSCOhost,

In the article, Khajavi and colleagues address the various methodological approaches that can be applied to determine the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine. The authors demonstrate the significance of economic assessment in providing substantial evidence to the impacts of raising the awareness of medical authorities about the efficacy of CAM therapies. They expound strategies like cost-benefit analysis to establish the relationship between complementary and alternative medicine and the costs incurred by patients accessing and getting treatment from various healthcare centers. The article also uses accurate and updated statistics to illustrate the ease of financial burden on patients through the adoption of CAM.

The article is timely, well-researched, and descriptive. The authors’ contribution to healthcare cost lowering is valid, reasonable, and effective. Their views represent significant contributions to the discussion regarding lowering healthcare costs to improve healthcare programs and reduce the financial burden on patients. The authors supplement their arguments with scholarly sources to provide factual and credible information. Therefore, the article proves essential and reliable in facilitating my final project that discusses the impacts of lowering healthcare costs to patients. The information presented by the authors will help support my project paper